Wood that is labeled “Southern Pine” or “Southern Yellow Pine” can include many different species from many different countries.

What species is Southern Yellow Pine (SYP)?

SYP is a group of ten species. These Pine species include:

Loblolly, Longleaf, Shortleaf, and Slash Pine are considered the main four species in the SYP group.

The other six species can be found “mixed in” with the major species. According to the Southern Pine Inspection Bureau, these minor species “generally grow in mixed stands and are sometimes harvested along with the major pines.”

There are also six minor pine species that are occasionally found mixed in with the major species.

Southern Pine Inspection Bureau

Where does Southern Yellow Pine come from?

Map of countries where U.S. Southern Yellow Pine originated in 2020.
Countries where U.S. Southern Yellow Pine “officially” originated in 2020.

While all ten species making up the SYP group are native to the United States, the U.S. “officially” imported SYP from seventeen countries in 2020. These included:

  • Brazil
  • Germany
  • Argentina
  • Uruguay
  • Latvia
  • Chile
  • Romania
  • Estonia
  • Canada
  • Finland
  • Venezuela
  • Jamaica
  • Portugal
  • Lithuania
  • Singapore
  • Colombia
  • China

In fact, the volume of SYP lumber imports into the United States nearly tripled in the five year period from 2016 to 2020.

Brazil accounted for 79% of the year 2020 imports (438,979 m3). Followed by Germany (9.4%), and Argentina (9.2%).

See also: The US imported 8x more Southern Yellow Pine from Brazil than tropical hardwood lumber in 2020

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