Wood that is labeled “Southern Pine” or “Southern Yellow Pine” can include many different species from many different countries.
What species is Southern Yellow Pine (SYP)?
SYP is a group of ten species. These Pine species include:
- Loblolly (Pinus taeda)
- Longleaf (Pinus palustris)
- Shortleaf (Pinus echinata)
- Slash (Pinus elliottii)
- Pitch (Pinus rigida)
- Pond (Pinus serotina)
- Sand (Pinus clausa)
- Spruce (Pinus glabra)
- Table Mountain (Pinus pungens)
- Virginia (Pinus virginiana)
Loblolly, Longleaf, Shortleaf, and Slash Pine are considered the main four species in the SYP group.
The other six species can be found “mixed in” with the major species. According to the Southern Pine Inspection Bureau, these minor species “generally grow in mixed stands and are sometimes harvested along with the major pines.”
There are also six minor pine species that are occasionally found mixed in with the major species.Southern Pine Inspection Bureau
Where does Southern Yellow Pine come from?
While all ten species making up the SYP group are native to the United States, the U.S. “officially” imported SYP from seventeen countries in 2020. These included:
In fact, the volume of SYP lumber imports into the United States nearly tripled in the five year period from 2016 to 2020.
Brazil accounted for 79% of the year 2020 imports (438,979 m3). Followed by Germany (9.4%), and Argentina (9.2%).
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