Illegal logging in Mato Grosso was responsible for 37% of the forest area logged in the Brazilian state between 2018 and 2019.
Illegal logging in Mato Grosso
- Most of the illegal logging in Mato Grosso occurred within the following ten municipalities (71%): Colniza, Marcelândia, Aripuanã, Juína, Juara, Nova Maringá, Itanhangá, União do Sul, Feliz Natal, and Nova Ubiratã.
- Sixty-nine percent of the forest area illegally logged occurred on private properties registered with the environmental agency of Mato Grosso (SEMA-MT). Followed by 15% on lands without title, and 10% on indigenous lands.
- Of the illegal logging that occurred on private property registered with SEMA, 16% had forest harvest authorizations. (ie. Logging occurred outside of boundaries, or after permits expired.)
- Inconsistencies were identified in 22% of the forest harvest permits.
- The area of illegal logging in indigenous lands more than doubled (125%) from the prior study period (2015-2017). It increased ten percent in conservation units.
To arrive at these results, the ICV used satellite images to map changes in forest canopy resulting from logging. It then checked the legality of these logging areas by comparing them to the forest harvest permits issued by the state. (The Autex and AEF issued by SEMA-MT.)
Recommendations by the ICV
Recommendations made by the ICV include:
- real-time monitoring of logging using satellite imaging;
- enforcement of the laws prohibiting illegal logging since most is occurring on private, registered properties;
- increasing inspections at sawmills; and,
- detecting fraud within the systems used to monitor the transport and transfer of wood products.
A persistent problem
While the area of forest logged illegally in Mato Grosso has trended down over the last decade, it has done so only slightly.
In 2010, illegal logging accounted for 44% of the total area logged. Today it stands at 37%.
The report’s recommendations to reduce illegal logging in Mato Grosso are already in place to some extent. The proposed solution seems to be a “more of the same” approach.
But how effective can more monitoring and enforcement be in Mato Grosso? Is it time to review the policies and institutional processes influencing the decisions of forest landowners?
Is it time to review the policies and institutional processes influencing the decisions of forest landowners?
While this data helps understand the bigger picture of the problem of illegal logging in Mato Grosso, for buyers of wood products, understanding the risk of illegal wood entering supply chains in the state requires a more nuanced process. The municipalities with the highest area of illegal logging, also tend to have the highest are of legal logging. And even among properties with forest harvest permits, illegal logging occurs.
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